Ramadan is the month in which Allah revealed the Holy Quran to the Prophet Muhammad and with it, the teachings of the Islamic faith. It is a month of fasting for Muslims all over the world, as a means to strengthen their connection with Allah and their adherence to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. Fasting takes place between sunrise and sunset, during which time Muslims will also pray, spend time with their friends and family and focus on giving back to their communities.
When Muslims engage in fasting, their bond with their religion strengthens as does their empathy with the pain and suffering of individuals all over the world who face famine and poverty as a way of life. The participant starts to feel a lot more grounded and is also grateful for everything that Allah has bestowed upon them.
The connection during Ramadan with those who suffer across the world induces Muslims to make their annual Zakat donations to charities during this month. This is important to Muslims due to the fact that Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam. This month, Rizq is teaming up with our partner Charity Right, to explain the importance of giving during Ramadan.
The Five Pillars of Islam
There are five pillars of Islam that essentially make up the foundations of this religion. These outline all the core practices that Muslims should follow. The five pillars are:
- Shahadah – This is the reciting and profession of the Islamic faith.
- Salah – This consists of five daily prayers.
- Zakat – Zakat means to give to charity. It helps in the distribution of one’s wealth to those who are less fortunate. The category of eligible recipients are defined in the Holy Quran. Zakat calculations and its dispensation are particularly popular throughout Ramadan due to the enhanced focus on caring for the less fortunate which one experiences in this month.
- Sawm – Sawn or fasting is an obligatory act for Muslims observed during the month of Ramadan. There are exemptions for children under the age 14, pregnant women, the elderly and those suffering from an illness that prevents the act of fasting throughout the day.
- Hajj – This is the pilgrimage to Mecca. Every able-bodied Muslim is expected to make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime subject to their availability of material resources.
When Is Ramadan Taking Place in 2022?
Ramadan is the 9th month of the lunar calendar observed by Muslims. As such, the time that it takes place varies every year, usually rotating around 10-11 days each time around.
In 2022, Ramadan is expected to take place from the 1st of April until Sunday 1st May. The 1st of May will be the last day of fasting, after which Eid will take place, which is a celebration to mark the end of a month of fasting.
Why Is Fasting Throughout Ramadan Considered So Important?
Fasting is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is prescribed in the Holy Quran. Although everyone’s way of observing Ramadan might vary, one element that is constant is fasting which takes place from sunrise to sunset by every able-bodied Muslim above the age of 14.
Fasting for Muslims during Ramadan goes beyond abstinence of food, drink and marital relationships during the day. For example, when Muslims fast, they are experiencing a deeper connection with Allah, allowing them to understand on a much better level about patience within themselves and compassion for individuals who might not be as fortunate.
What Happens at the End of Fasting?
Muslims will celebrate Eid al-Fitr which marks the official end of Ramadan. Before Muslims begin the Eid prayers they will give some donations to charity. Throughout this period Muslims tend to wear their best clothes and will also meet up with family and friends and have meals together. Children during Eid al-Fitr are usually given some gifts or money as well.
Why Are There Donations During Ramadan?
Zakat is an obligatory charitable act that makes up one of the pillars of the Islamic faith. This means that giving to charity is a huge part of life for Muslims. This is a great deed at any time of year but it goes hand in hand with Ramadan and usually brings untold blessings and rewards for whoever has made the donation.
When a charitable donation is given during Ramadan, it is rewarded greatly and as such, a large majority of Muslims choose this month to do it.
How Can You Calculate Your Zakat
Calculating your Zakat all comes down to how much wealth and income an individual retains throughout the year, that goes above a certain threshold. Zakat is usually calculated at 2.5% of this amount. There are a lot of different categories of wealth and factors to consider when making your calculation of Zakat. Some of these include:
- Gold and silver in possession
- Cash in possession
- Pension income
- Property investment
- Equity in a business
- Loans and receivables
- Trade stock
Do You Need Help Calculating Your Zakat?
If you are a practising Muslim and need help with calculating your Zakat then you may want to enlist the help of an expert such as Rizq. They are happy to discuss your finances with you and guide you on your Zakat calculation and donation, the in-app donation feature makes this really easy to do.